David W. Shucard, Ph.D.
Dr. David Wm. Shucard
Ph.D., University of Denver
The State University of New York at Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive and Behavioral Neurosciences
Sherman Hall Rm. 114A
Buffalo, NY 14214
Summary of Research Interests:
My research is in the area of cognitive and behavioral neuroscience with particular interest in the neurophysiological basis of cognitive functioning, intellectual abilities, attention, and the role of sleep and sleep disorders, such as apnea, on neurocognitive functioning. The major methodological approach used in my laboratory is a combination of electrophysiological (mainly event-related brain potentials), neuropsychological, and other behavioral methods. Collaborative positron emission tomography (PET) and MRI studies have also been conducted in combination with electrophysiology. Both clinical and nonclinical populations are being studied. Populations studied have included infants, children, and adults, as well as animals. Recent work with clinical populations has focused on cognitive disturbances in autoimmune disorders such as Multiple Sclerosis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Also, recent research has been directed at brain mechanisms of cognitive control such as conflict resolution and response inhibition. The development of novel electrophysiological markers of neural efficiency and cognitive function via state-of-the art dense electrophysiological techniques is also a focus of the research. In general, the research takes a systems approach to understanding cognitive functioning.
Research and clinical training/teaching are important functions of the division. Over the years, our laboratory has mentored and trained undergraduate and graduate students, medical students, medical residents, and neuropsychology postdoctoral fellows/residents. Because of the scope of clinical and research areas housed within the Division, and the availability of collaborative possibilities, unique opportunities are present for training and for examining research questions in new and creative ways.
- Shucard J, Shucard D. (Invited Co-Editors). Electrophysiological and Neuroimaging Studies of Cognitive Control: Evidence from Go/NoGo and Other Executive Function Tasks. Special Issue of the International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2013; 87(3).
- Covey, T.J., Shucard, J.L., Violanti, J.M., Lee, J., Shucard, D.W.. The effects of exposure to traumatic stressors on inhibitory control in police officers: a dense electrode array study using a Go/NoGo continuous performance task. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2013; 87(3).
- Zivadinov R, Shucard JL, Hussein S., Dufree J., Cox J.L., Bergsland N., Dwyer M.G., Benedict RH, Ambrus J, Shucard DW. Multimodal imaging in systemic lupus erythematosus patients with diffuse neuropsychiatric involvement. Lupus. 2013.
- Shucard J.L., Cox J.L., Shucard D.W., Fetter H., Chung C., Ramasamy D., Violanti J.. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder are related to structural MRI and behavioral measures of affective stimulus processing in police officers. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. 2012; 204.
- Covey T.J., Shucard, J.L., Shucard, D.W., Stegen S., Benedict, R.H.. Comparison of neuropsychological impairment and vocational outcomes in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Multiple Sclerosis patients. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. 2012; 18.