Kristin Gainey, Ph.D.
Summary of Research Interests
My research focuses on symptom dimensions and traits that cut across the mood and anxiety disorders, or serve to distinguish particular disorders, in order to better understand their phenomenology, course, and etiology. In particular, I am interested in the impact of vulnerability and protective factors such as personality traits, social-cognitive individual differences (e.g., anxiety sensitivity, intolerance of uncertainty, thought-action fusion), emotion regulation processes (e.g., rumination, experiential avoidance), and life events. A second focus is to clarify the hierarchical structure of the emotional disorders and relevant personality traits to examine sources of comorbidity and the specific components that drive associations between vulnerability factors and symptoms. Third, I am interested in issues relevant to assessment, such as mood-state distortion, measure construction, accuracy of self-report measures, and latent variable modeling. I assess traits and symptoms at a variety of levels of measurement, including semi-structured interviews, other-reports, and real-time experience sampling. Overall, my goal is to delineate the fundamental affective processes involved in the emotional disorders, with applied implications for diagnostic taxonomies, differential assessment, and treatment/preventive interventions.
- Naragon-Gainey, K., Gallagher, M. W., & Brown, T. A. (in press). Stable “trait” variance of temperament as a predictor of the temporal course of depression and social phobia. Journal of Abnormal Psychology.
- Naragon-Gainey, K., & Brown, T. A. (in press). Enhancing measurement validation in cognitive-clinical research with structural equation modeling and item response theory. In G. Brown & D.A. Clark (Eds.), Cognitive Therapy Assessment, Diagnosis & Case Formulation. New York: Guilford Publications.
- Olatunji, B. O., Naragon-Gainey, K., & Wolitzky-Taylor, K. B. (in press). Specificity of rumination in anxiety and depression: a multimodal meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice.
- Ellickson-Larew, S., Naragon-Gainey, K., & Watson, D. (in press). Pathological eating behaviors, BMI, and facet-level traits: The roles of conscientiousness, neuroticism, and impulsivity. Eating Behaviors.
- Brown, T. A., & Naragon-Gainey, K. (2013). Evaluation of the unique and specific contributions of dimensions of the triple vulnerability model to the prediction of DSM-IV anxiety and mood disorder constructs. Behavior Therapy, 44, 277-292.
- Naragon-Gainey, K., Simpson, T. L., Moore, S. A., Varra, A. A., & Kaysen, D. L. (2012). The correspondence of daily and retrospective PTSD reports among female victims of sexual assault. Psychological Assessment, 24, 1041-1047.
- Watson, D., O’Hara, M. W., Naragon-Gainey, K., Koffel, E., Chmielewski, M., Kotov, R., Stasik, S. M., & Ruggero, C. J. (2012). Development and validation of new anxiety and bipolar symptom scales for the IDAS-II. Assessment, 19, 399-420.
- Naragon-Gainey, K., Hoerster, K. D., Malte, C., & Jakupcak, M. (2012). Distress symptoms and high-risk behaviors associated with prospective treatment utilization among returning veterans. Psychiatric Services, 63, 942-944.
- Stasik, S. M., Naragon-Gainey, K., Chimielewski, M., & Watson, D. (2012). Core OCD symptoms: Exploration of specificity and relations with psychopathology. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 26, 859-870.
- Hassija, C. M., Luterek, J. A., Naragon-Gainey, K., Moore, S. A., & Simpson, T. L. (2012). Impact of emotional approach coping and hope on PTSD and depression symptoms in a trauma exposed sample of veterans receiving outpatient VA mental health care services. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 25, 559-573.
- Naragon-Gainey, K., & Watson, D. (2011). The anxiety disorders and suicidal ideation: Accounting for comorbidity via underlying personality traits. Psychological Medicine, 41, 1437-1448.
- Naragon-Gainey, K., & Watson, D. (2011). Clarifying the dispositional basis of social anxiety: A hierarchical perspective. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 926-934.
- Watson, D., & Naragon-Gainey, K. (2010). On the specificity of positive emotional dysfunction in psychopathology: Evidence from the mood and anxiety disorders and schizophrenia/schizotypy. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 839-848.
- Naragon-Gainey, K. (2010). Meta-analysis of the relations of anxiety sensitivity to the depressive and anxiety disorders. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 128-150.
- Naragon-Gainey, K., Watson, D., & Markon, K. E. (2009). Differential relations of depression and social anxiety symptoms to the facets of extraversion/positive emotionality. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 18, 299-310.
- Watson, D., & Naragon, K. (2009). Positive affectivity: The tendency to experience positive emotional states. In S. J. Lopez (Ed.), Handbook of Positive Psychology, 2nd Edition (pp. 207-215). New York: Oxford Press.
- Watson, D., O’Hara, M. W., Chmielewski, M., McDade-Montez, E. A., Koffel, E., Naragon, K., & Stuart, S. (2008). Further validation of the IDAS: Evidence of convergent, discriminant, criterion, and incremental validity. Psychological Assessment, 20, 248-259.